This article shares with you a snippet of Apps script that could print the entire google sheets or selected area to a pdf file. You may ask "why not use the default feature File > Download as > PDF document". Well, it's an alternative to automate things, for example, you recorded a macro on an inventory spreadsheet to refresh stocks and make a snapshot everyday as a pdf file. This apps script may be helpful for your automation.

What is Apps Script?

Apps Script is a powerful scripting platform developed by Google that allows you to extend the functionality of various G Suite applications, including Google Sheets. It is based on JavaScript and provides a straightforward way to automate tasks, create custom functions, and interact with other Google services.

Before diving into the source code, let's take a look at demos (Demo Sheet). The script / add-on will save a PDF copy or multiple PDF copies in the root of your Google Drive depending on your printing choices.

Print all sheets to a PDF file

Print all sheets as a PDF file using apps script
Print all sheets as a PDF file using apps script

Print all sheets as separate PDF files

The menu Add-ons > PDF Assistant > Export all sheets as separate files iterate your spreadsheet and save each sheet as a PDF file in your Drive root folder.

Print all sheets as separate PDF files

Print current sheet as a PDF file

  1. Switch to the sheet to print
  2. Click Add-ons > PDF Assistant > Export current sheet.
  3. The PDF file will be generated in your Drive root folder, in the name of the sheet.
Export current sheet as a PDF file

Print selected area (part of sheets) to a PDF file

This feature is complementary to Google Sheets' default export feature. It gives you some flexibility to print only the area of interest for your client. Here is what you do.

  1. Select multiple ranges with the CTRL button pressed.
  2. Click the menu Add-ons > PDF Assistant > Export selected area.
  3. You will be given the link of PDF, which is saved in the root folder of your Drive. The file name comes with a '-selected' suffix.
Print selected area in Google Sheets as a PDF file
Print selected area in Google Sheets as a PDF file

Print predefined areas to a PDF file

We also want to automate as much as possible. In version 1.1.0, the script supports exporting predefined areas to a PDF file. Follow these steps.

  1. Click the menu Data > Named ranges. A side panel will open.
  2. In the side panel, add all named ranges you want to print in a name pattern of print_area_{n}, where {n} is a number.
  3. Now click the menu Add-ons > PDF Assistant > Export predefined area. Like the result above, you will be prompted a link to the generated PDF file. The file name will come with a '-predefined' suffix.
Print a predefined area or areas in Google Sheets as a PDF file

Source code

Do you know how to use this piece of source code? If not, check out my another tutorial learning how to Add An Apps Script To Your Google Apps.

Feel free to leave comments below if you have questions, feature requests and bugs. Play fun!

 * @license MIT
 * © 2020 All Rights Reserved.
 * @since 1.3.4 Add retrying for printing many sheets
 * @since 1.3.3 Add an option to save PDF files in the same folder
 * @since 1.3.2 Fix time changed issue
 * @since 1.3.1 Fix a landscape problem
 * @since 1.3.0 Support printing the entire spreadsheet as separate pdf files
 * @since 1.2.3 Add formatting for a single predefined area
 * @since 1.2.2 Add formatting for a single selected area
 * @since 1.2.1 Fix a reference issue of printing current sheet
 * @since 1.2.0 Support printing current sheet as pdf
 * @since 1.1.1 Fix an error for multi-language
 * @since 1.1.0 Support printing predefined areas as a pdf
 * @since 1.0.0 Support printing the entire spreadsheet as a pdf
 *              Support printing the selected areas as a pdf

// By default, PDFs are saved in your Drive Root folder
// To save in the same folder as the spreadsheet, change the value to 'false' without the single quote pair
// You must have EDIT permission to the same folder
var saveToRootFolder = true

function onOpen() {
    .addItem('Export all sheets', 'exportAsPDF')
    .addItem('Export all sheets as separate files', 'exportAllSheetsAsSeparatePDFs')
    .addItem('Export current sheet', 'exportCurrentSheetAsPDF')
    .addItem('Export selected area', 'exportPartAsPDF')
    .addItem('Export predefined area', 'exportNamedRangesAsPDF')

function _exportBlob(blob, fileName, spreadsheet) {
  blob = blob.setName(fileName)
  var folder = saveToRootFolder ? DriveApp : DriveApp.getFileById(spreadsheet.getId()).getParents().next()
  var pdfFile = folder.createFile(blob)
  // Display a modal dialog box with custom HtmlService content.
  const htmlOutput = HtmlService
    .createHtmlOutput('<p>Click to open <a href="' + pdfFile.getUrl() + '" target="_blank">' + fileName + '</a></p>')
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi().showModalDialog(htmlOutput, 'Export Successful')

function exportAsPDF() {
  var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  var blob = _getAsBlob(spreadsheet.getUrl())
  _exportBlob(blob, spreadsheet.getName(), spreadsheet)

function _getAsBlob(url, sheet, range) {
  var rangeParam = ''
  var sheetParam = ''
  if (range) {
    rangeParam =
      '&r1=' + (range.getRow() - 1)
      + '&r2=' + range.getLastRow()
      + '&c1=' + (range.getColumn() - 1)
      + '&c2=' + range.getLastColumn()
  if (sheet) {
    sheetParam = '&gid=' + sheet.getSheetId()
  // A credit to
  // these parameters are reverse-engineered (not officially documented by Google)
  // they may break overtime.
  var exportUrl = url.replace(/\/edit.*$/, '')
      + '/export?exportFormat=pdf&format=pdf'
      + '&size=LETTER'
      + '&portrait=true'
      + '&fitw=true'       
      + '&top_margin=0.75'              
      + '&bottom_margin=0.75'          
      + '&left_margin=0.7'             
      + '&right_margin=0.7'           
      + '&sheetnames=false&printtitle=false'
      + '&pagenum=UNDEFINED' // change it to CENTER to print page numbers
      + '&gridlines=true'
      + '&fzr=FALSE'      
      + sheetParam
      + rangeParam
  Logger.log('exportUrl=' + exportUrl)
  var response
  var i = 0
  for (; i < 5; i += 1) {
    response = UrlFetchApp.fetch(exportUrl, {
      muteHttpExceptions: true,
      headers: { 
        Authorization: 'Bearer ' +  ScriptApp.getOAuthToken(),
    if (response.getResponseCode() === 429) {
      // printing too fast, retrying
    } else {
  if (i === 5) {
    throw new Error('Printing failed. Too many sheets to print.')
  return response.getBlob()

function exportAllSheetsAsSeparatePDFs() {
  var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  var files = []
  var folder = saveToRootFolder ? DriveApp : DriveApp.getFileById(spreadsheet.getId()).getParents().next()
  spreadsheet.getSheets().forEach(function (sheet) {
    var blob = _getAsBlob(spreadsheet.getUrl(), sheet)
    var fileName = sheet.getName()
    blob = blob.setName(fileName)
    var pdfFile = folder.createFile(blob)
      url: pdfFile.getUrl(),
      name: fileName,
  const htmlOutput = HtmlService
    .createHtmlOutput('<p>Click to open PDF files</p>'
      + '<ul>'
      + files.reduce(function (prev, file) {
        prev += '<li><a href="' + file.url + '" target="_blank">' + + '</a></li>'
        return prev
      }, '')
      + '</ul>')
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi().showModalDialog(htmlOutput, 'Export Successful')

function exportCurrentSheetAsPDF() {
  var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  var currentSheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSheet()
  var blob = _getAsBlob(spreadsheet.getUrl(), currentSheet)
  _exportBlob(blob, currentSheet.getName(), spreadsheet)

function exportPartAsPDF(predefinedRanges) {
  var ui = SpreadsheetApp.getUi()
  var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  var selectedRanges
  var fileSuffix
  if (predefinedRanges) {
    selectedRanges = predefinedRanges
    fileSuffix = '-predefined'
  } else {
    var activeRangeList = spreadsheet.getActiveRangeList()
    if (!activeRangeList) {
      ui.alert('Please select at least one range to export')
    selectedRanges = activeRangeList.getRanges()
    fileSuffix = '-selected'
  if (selectedRanges.length === 1) {
    // special export with formatting
    var currentSheet = selectedRanges[0].getSheet()
    var blob = _getAsBlob(spreadsheet.getUrl(), currentSheet, selectedRanges[0])
    var fileName = spreadsheet.getName() + fileSuffix
    _exportBlob(blob, fileName, spreadsheet)
  var tempSpreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.create(spreadsheet.getName() + fileSuffix)
  if (!saveToRootFolder) {
  var tempSheets = tempSpreadsheet.getSheets()
  var sheet1 = tempSheets.length > 0 ? tempSheets[0] : undefined
  for (var i = 0; i < selectedRanges.length; i++) {
    var selectedRange = selectedRanges[i]
    var originalSheet = selectedRange.getSheet()
    var originalSheetName = originalSheet.getName()
    var destSheet = tempSpreadsheet.getSheetByName(originalSheetName)
    if (!destSheet) {
      destSheet = tempSpreadsheet.insertSheet(originalSheetName)
    Logger.log('a1notation=' + selectedRange.getA1Notation())
    var destRange = destSheet.getRange(selectedRange.getA1Notation())
  // remove empty Sheet1
  if (sheet1) {
    Logger.log('lastcol = ' + sheet1.getLastColumn() + ',lastrow=' + sheet1.getLastRow())
    if (sheet1 && sheet1.getLastColumn() === 0 && sheet1.getLastRow() === 0) {

function exportNamedRangesAsPDF() {
  var spreadsheet = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet()
  var allNamedRanges = spreadsheet.getNamedRanges()
  var toPrintNamedRanges = []
  for (var i = 0; i < allNamedRanges.length; i++) {
    var namedRange = allNamedRanges[i]
    if (/^print_area_.*$/.test(namedRange.getName())) {
      Logger.log('found named range ' + namedRange.getName())
  if (toPrintNamedRanges.length === 0) {
    SpreadsheetApp.getUi().alert('No print areas found. Please add at least one \'print_area_1\' named range in the menu Data > Named ranges.')
  } else {
    toPrintNamedRanges.sort(function (a, b) {
      return a.getSheet().getIndex() - b.getSheet().getIndex()